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Sinking Tibetan Rivers: How the Hydropower on the Plain Sculptures the Tibetan Landscape

Sinking Tibetan Rivers: How the Hydropower on the Plain Sculptures the Tibetan Landscape
[use graphic of china planned hydropower expansion]

This record of 25 hydropower tasks in the Tibetan areas and four outdoors Tibet (in China, these dams outdoors Tibetan areas are nonetheless referred to as upstream), makes use of the knowledge launched by the National Improvement and Reform Commission (NDRC) in February. 19, 2019. This record was checked towards inconsistent dams and hydroelectric power crops with updated Chinese state media. Also included is their location in Google Earth. (Up-to-date footage of dam constructing are sometimes not obtainable).

These pictures present vivid street and infrastructure work required to acquire heavy gear for inter-mountain places, which reminds us that dam injury just isn’t limited to rivers.

The listing is from Chapter 3.2.4 of the NDRC report entitled "Mega Hydraulic Power Generating Facility Construction and Operation". It was given by the following Chinese Ministries: National Improvement and Reform Commission, Ministry of Business and Info Know-how, Ministry of Pure Assets, Ministry of Ecology and Surroundings, Ministry of Housing and Urban Improvement, The Individuals's Bank, National Power Board. The involvement of a number of ministries proves the authenticity of the listing as compared to the incontrovertible fact that China has offered incomplete info to UNESCO about hydroelectric energy tasks in areas affected by the World Heritage property.

All of these tasks have been constructed on a 13-year plan that started in 2016 and can finish subsequent yr. This explains why the development of many hydropower crops and associated infrastructure has progressed properly. The following figure exhibits hydropower tasks designed for the 12-year plan period ending in 2016. The stations are situated in the border area of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and in the Tibetan areas of the Province of Sichuan situated alongside the River Drichu (often known as Yangtze River and Chinese language Jinshana or Changjiang)

Yebatan (叶 巴 滩) (Chinese language: Gaiyu) in Palyul Province, Kardze (Ganzi) in Tibet Autonomous Prefecture (TAP) in Sichuan Province and Gonjo (Gongjue) County, Chamdo (Changdu) City in TAR. Based on a notification from Energy China, “Ye Ba Tan is the largest hydroelectric power plant project at the top of the Jinsha River.” (Power China website, August 27, 2018).

The opening ceremony was held on June 27, 2017 by Kardze Prefectural Social gathering Committee and Palyul County Get together Committee. The image comes from the Chinese language state media

The opening ceremony was organized by the Kardze Prefectural Social gathering Committee and the Palyul County Social gathering Committee on June 27, 2017, as proven under. The image comes from the Chinese language state media

These two Google Earth photographs in the region are dated 30 March 2015; newer footage would reveal a extra refined construction

These two Google Earth pictures from the region are dated March 30, 2015;

Lawa (拉 哇) A hydroelectric plant is being built throughout the River Drichu, between Lhaba (Lawa) Townang in Batang Province, Kardze (Ganzi) TAP in Sichuan Province and Drupalung (Zhubalong) in Markham (Mangkang), Chamdo (Changdu), TAR. It is a major undertaking that has been prioritized in the 12th and now the 13th 5 Yr Plan, and was formally permitted in January 2019 by Power China.

The report states that the development work had stopped as a consequence of two landslides at the end of 2018. This publication of Chinese social media, documenting the work of the undertaking, exhibits that drilling on the proper bank of the river began in November 2011 and led to June 2014.

This picture of the Lawa hydroelectric energy station is the official Energy China web site

This satellite picture exhibits the location of the Lawa hydroelectric power plant in February 2016

Bathang (巴塘) The hydroelectric power station is situated 9 kilometers from Drangun River in the county of Bathang (Batang) and in the County Mark of neighboring Markham (Mangkang). The Government of the Individuals's Republic of Sichuan introduced its approval in October 2017 and said its significance in making certain "long-term stability" – a political term referring to the demand of the Communist Celebration of China to make sure respect for celebration politics and to interrupt all opposition and even delicate criticism. The official report states: “The Batang hydroelectric power plant is the third hydropower plant accredited by the prime of the Jinshan River, which is a key venture in the 13-year plan of the Nationwide Committee for the Improvement of Renewable Power. The facility plant accepted the development and utilization of water assets at the prime of the Jinsha River, the institution of a national, high-quality clean power base, the implementation of the "West East Transmission" strategy, the introduction of unpolluted power and the creation of a province is of nice importance and contributes to the financial and social improvement and long-term improvement of Tibetan areas. term stability. “(Posting October 30, 2017)

The Government's Administrative Commission, the hydroelectric energy plant is predicted to wreck the river in 2020, when the first unit shall be commissioned by the end of 2022.

This Google Earth image from 2016 exhibits the location of the Batang hydroelectric power station

The Tringpo (Changbo) hydroelectric energy station is situated four.5 km from Tringpo district on the Gartok / Markham (Mangkang) border in Chamdo (Changdu), TAR and Bathang (Batang ), Kardze (Ganzi), Province of Sichuan. The Yangtze River Water Assets Community revealed information on Environmental Influence Assessment in 2017: http://www.cjw.gov.cn/xwzx/njcsm/jgsydt/29072.html

This Google Earth Image

Polo (Boluo) Drichu The hydroelectric power station is Jomda (Jiangda), Chamdo (Changdu), TAR and Palyul (Baiyu) County, Kardze TAP, on the border of Sichuan Province. In 2016, the Chinese language state media reported that it had "successfully integrated the county into the electricity grid." hydropower landslide in November 2018, picture of the Chinese state media

Rescue operation Boluo hydropower plant landslide in November 2018, picture of China's national media at http://tibet.news.cn/ywjj/2018-11/10/c_137596539.htm P.19659025] This yr 2015, the Chinese state's media picture exhibits the start-up of Boluo hydropower development

The situation of the Boluo energy plant in Google Earth in 2016. Some Chinese sources states that the city is in Kardze, Sichuan, which is fallacious). The 2016 feasibility research is from this official source.

In November 2011, the NDRC and related ministries and delegations, as well as the governments of Sichuan, TAR, Handan and Qinghai, reviewed the hydropower design report at the prime of the Drichu River and agreed to use Kamtok as a number one tank. In accordance with the government information agency Xinhua, this hydroelectric energy plant's complete capability was over 10 million kilowatts. Amongst them, the Sichuan-Tibetan half eight energy crops are Gangtuo, Yanbi, Boluo, Yebatan, Lawa, Batang, Suyulong and Changbo Energy Stations, all along the Huadian Jinsha River upstream of the Huadian Group. Xinhua, August 28, 2017

Gangtuon hydropower challenge website in 2014, Google Earth.

Xulong (旭 龙) The hydroelectric power station is being built on the River Drichu in the Yangla District, Dechen (Diqing) County, Dechen TAP in Yunnan Province, close to the border with Kardze TAP. NDRC authorised the "Jinsha River Upstream Hydropower Planning Report" in 2012, and authorised the "One Tank and Thirteen" cascade plan and useful resource planning plan at the prime of the Jinshan River, "officially announced on June 12, 2017 in Changjiang Research, Design, Design and It said that Xulong should "velocity up the spirit and demands of hydropower challenge meetings". and different pressing issues will strengthen cooperation and promote early undertaking approval. ”

Picture of Xu Long hydroelectric energy plant in China's official media at http://www.cjwsjy.com.cn/kcsj/11816.jhtml 199033] Google Earth Image from Xu Lengthy, 2011.

Kongtsi Rawa (Benzilan, 奔 子 栏) The hydropower plant is situated in Kongssi Rawa Township, Dechen County, Dechen (Diqing) TAP in Yunnan Province. Based on the China Hydropower Association, Kongtsi Rawa and Xulong (above) hydropower tasks have been signed with the Chinese Guodian Company for greater than 51.5 billion yuan (March 15, 2017, http://www.hydropower.org.cn/ showNewsDetail.asp? NsId = 20771). Hao Peng, Secretary of the Social gathering Committee on State Property Management and Administrative Fee, mentioned that the tasks have been essential elements in Sichuan's participation in the "Belt and Road" initiative

14-16. In 2016, China Energy's Liu Qin Kongtsi Rawa and Xulong hydroelectric power crops have been visited on the Nationwide Power Administration's website, assessing progress. He careworn that the tasks have been part of a national power improvement plan. The official line was repeated: “Building a project contributes to the social economic development of Tibetan regions and plays an important role in alleviating poverty and improving people's production and living conditions in these Tibetan areas.”

Longpan (龙 盘) The hydropower plant shall be built over the Drichu River in Gyalthang County (Xianggelila), Dechen (Deqing) TAP and Yulong County in Lijiang Metropolis, Yunnan Province. The world is formally referred to as Hutiaox, or Tiger Leaping Gorge, one in every of China's deepest slender valleys. The challenge has been prioritized for several years. See, for instance, the article from China's Hydroelectric Engineering Society 2014, Might 21, 2014: http://www.hydropower.org.cn/showNewsDetail.asp?nsId=13074. An article by An Shenyin, former Vice President and Central South Research and Design Analysis Institute, tells reporters that Yunnan's water switch venture is accelerating, making an allowance for good water sources, low funding and optimum benefits. “In the similar article, Shenyi stated that the 17 cascade water power plant designed by the Yangtze River has a installed capability of about 90 million kilowatts, of which the main tank is the Longpan tank. Commentators have expressed an alarm that Longpan can be inbuilt an lively seismic zone (for example, this text in August 2011: http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6c2bddb20100x1y4.html).

Google Earth imagery of Longpan website since 2016.

Google Earth imagery of Longpan website since 2016

LIST OF NEW HYDROPOWER-STATION PROJECTS YARLUNG TSANGPO RIVER'S COMBINED YEAR 13

Yagen Hydropower Crops (牙根 一级 水电站) are situated in Nyagchu County (Yajiang), Kardze TAP, Sichuan Province. These two hydropower crops are being constructed by the longest river in TAR, Yarlung Tsangpo, the upper stream of Brahmaputra before it flows into India to Arunachal Pradesh. Kardze Day by day reviews on July 7, 2015: “Ya Gen's hydroelectric power plant (Category B) is the third unit of the third nuclear power plant at the UN nuclear power plant on the Yarlung Tsangpo River.” (Http://paper.kbcmw.com/html / 2015-07 / 07 / content_73579.htm) The identical article mentions the extent of resettlement, which states that: '176 individuals are relocated, two cities and one spiritual area are relocated and there are not any central resettlement websites. “The extent of the transition is at present unknown, but the earlier official supply said that the venture was on account of be completed by 2017.

GOOGLE EARTH IMAGES since 2011 displaying the places of compressed air tanks

Mengdigou (孟Omend 沟 水电站, Xiaomendigou) The hydropower plant is Gyazurin (Jiulong) County, Kardze TAP and Muli Tibetan Autonomous District in Sichuan Province. The dam is about half a mile away from the valley and Mengdigoun Shangtuanin for the bottom a part of the Yarlung Tsangpo. The Sichuan Individuals's Authorities's announcement of a dam in 2010 makes it clear that no opposition could be made and that local individuals haven’t any selection but to comply with government laws. When saying the development of a hydroelectric power station, the announcement states: “From June 21, 2010, new development tasks and immigrant forces shall be forbidden in the sinking space of ​​the Xiaomendigou hydroelectric power plant and in the development area of ​​the focus. (Sichuan Provincial Authorities, June 17, 2010)

Report on Chinese language media from 2012 to seek out out extra about the undertaking: http://www.sc.gov.cn/10462/10464/10727/10742/2012/ 8/28 / 10223906. shtml

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On August 27, 2013, Ganzi Every day introduced that “The installed capacity of Yagen II and Kara Hydropower Plant will initially be 990,000 kilowatts and 1 million kilowatts” and that “It is under construction and management of the Yalong River District Hydropower Development Co., Ltd.” (http://gz.newssc.org/system/20130827/001177631.html)

A 3D picture of a accomplished dam at Khala, Muli, introduced by the National Safety Authority, the major safety control facilities: http://www.dam.com.cn /damView/view.jsp?id=169 four

Kal Location of the a-hydroelectric power station in 2013.

Location of the hydroelectric energy station in 2013.

The Lenggu hydroelectric energy station (楞 古 水电站) is being built at the Nyagchu border County (Yajiang) and Dartsedo (Kangding), Kardze TAP, Sichuan Province. The Chinese language Hydroelectric Energy Plant Association confirmed the resettlement of the official challenge, which said that for this hydroelectric energy plant undertaking, “NDRC” asked it to attach nice significance to ecological environmental protection and the relocation of challenge development to help immigrants eliminate poverty and promote the ecological setting as an essential aim for hydropower improvement and formulation. practical ecological protection and resettlement measures. The development of power crops should implement a brand new hydropower improvement coverage “after the first migration and construction”. ”(August 18, 2014, http://www.hydropower.org.cn/showNewsDetail.asp?nsId=14011).

The Nyagchu Provincial Government Submit supplies more detailed info on the number of transferred individuals, introduced on November 10, 2015, that the authorities has been working on relocations associated solely to preliminary work, suggesting that extra might comply with: “Relocation of 910 households in four households in the village of Drugan Chukha Township to finish the preliminary development of the Ya Gen hydroelectric power station (class A) and the Leng Gu hydroelectric plant. "(Http://www.yajiang.gov.cn/13372/13374/ 13423/2015/11/10 / 10503636.shtml)

Pictures from the location of the Leng Gu hydroelectric power station

Footage from 2015 Leng Gu – the location of the water station.

LIST OF NEW HYDROPOWER STATIONS WITH GYALMO NYULCHU OR SALWEEN RIVE R (CHINESE) 13. THE LAST YEAR'S PLAN DESIGNED ON THE BASIS OF DADU-RIVER

Jinchuan (金川 水电站) The hydroelectric power station is being built on the Gyalmo Nyulchu River, which flows from the Tibetan Plain South-East Asia. It is situated in Jinchuan Province, Ngaba (Aba), Tibet and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. In accordance with the announcement of 16 April 2019, the power plant was a precedence for the province in the first quarter of 2019 and is predicted to be completed and commissioned in 2025. (Aba Improvement and Reform Fee, http: // www. t20190416_1390877.html) The identical postage announcement says: “The Jinchuan hydropower plant is the sixth hydropower chain in Ngaba on the Dadu River, and is one of the most important hydropower plants. The total investment in the power plant is estimated at about 12.2 billion yuan. ”

The Jinchuan Provincial Government further introduced that the Jinchuan hydroelectric energy station […] is a sixth degree energy plant in a 28-level plan. Dadu River Mainstream Hydropower Planning. It is the upstream Shuangjiangkou energy plant reverse tank. The facility plant is especially based mostly on electrical energy era. It makes use of four units of 215,000 kilowatts of mixed-flow turbine turbines with a total capacity of 860,000 kilowatts. Along with the Shuangjiangkou power plant, the average annual manufacturing of electricity is about 3 455 billion kilowatt-hours. The tank's normal water provide is 2 253 meters and the storage capability is 508.5 million cubic meters. It has a day by day adjustment capability and complete investment of about 12.1 billion yuan. It has been developed and built by the Guodian Dadu River Basin Hydropower Improvement Co., Ltd energy plant is predicted to be accomplished and commissioned in 2024, and electrical energy era is predicted to be absolutely absorbed in Sichuan Province. 18, 2019: http://www.abjinchuan.gov.cn/zwgk_34038/zwdt/201902/t20190218_1385198.html

The Google Earth icon for the location of the Jinchuan hydroelectric power station.

Google Earth Picture

Dangerous's hydroelectric power station (巴 底 水电站) is situated in Badi Township, Chunchen (Jinchuan), Ngaba (Aba), T&QAP, Sichuan Province. Preliminary work was accepted in 2013 by Sichuan Provincial Individuals's Authorities, January 15, 2013: http://www.sc.gov.cn/10462/10464/10465/10574/2013/1/15/10244540. shtml

One other official supply coated the visit of a Beijing Engineering Company restricted firm in 2014: http://www.bhidi.com/detail.asp?id=102. In response to the official source of the Chuchen Province, on September 19, 2017, the pre-registration and design work of the Badi hydroelectric undertaking has principally been accomplished, the feasibility report has been accomplished and consulted. switch and relocation undertaking in the hydropower plant area. "(Http://www.abjinchuan.gov.cn/zwgk_34038/zdlyxxgk/zdxmjs/201709/t20170919_1276895.html).

Location of Dangerous Hydroelectric Energy Plant

Location of the Dangerous Hydroelectric Energy Plant in Google Earth

Yingliang (Liangbao) Hydropower Plant ((梁 水电站) is situated in Luna (Lengqi), Chagsam County (Luding), Kardze TAP, Sichuan Province. Throughout 2016, relocation packages brought on by the development of the dam have been planned in accordance with the state media. The Chagsam County Government put forward priorities in the "mobilization meeting" on resettlement, which states that folks's ideas must be "unified" in accordance with "environmental, resettlement and social stability requirements" (March 22, 2016, http://www.luding.gov.cn/11503 /1150711547/11618/2016/03/22/10515444.shtml) China Gezhouba Group No.2 Engineering Firm signed a formal development contract final Might 2018 (http: //www.cggc2.ceec.internet.cn/art/2018/5/ 28 / art_12111_1655690.html)

The local county official Zhu Bangwen chaired the meeting to implement the Liangbao hydroelectric resettlement policy challenge in 2016. Image from the official web site: http://www.luding.gov.cn/11503/11507/ 11547/11618/2016/03/22 / 10515444.shtml [19659066] Ying Liangbao hydroelectric power station location, Google Earth.

Location of Ying Liangbao Hydropower Plant, Google Earth.

Anning Hydropower Station (安宁 水电站) is in Anning Township, Chunchen (Jinchuan), Ngaba (Aba) TAP, Sichuan Province. Baidu offers technical specs for tutorial papers: http://xueshu.baidu.com/usercenter/paper/show?paperid=dfcc432a2d1385d4b83e5a428538f9a1&site=xueshu_se)

Google Earth image of the website in 2015.

Google Earth Picture

Danba Hydropower Plant (丹巴 水电站) is situated in Chenpo Township, Rongdrak (Danba), Kardze TAP, Sichuan Province. The challenge's online accounts state that 'environmental circumstances' aren’t favorable to development (http://www.kunyuwy.com/cn/casedetails/87/16.html).

This image of the development website under exhibits the know-how used on the official website of Jiangyin Zhenbo Equipment Firm (http://jyzhenbo.com/product1-4.asp)

Google Earth image of the website in 2015.

Google Earth picture of the website in 2015.

Ma & # 39; erdang hydropower plant (玛尔 挡 水电站) is situated on Machu River (Huang He ) On the border between Ba Dzong (Tongde) County, Tsolho (Hainan) TAP and Machen (Maqin), Golok (Guoluo) TAP, Qinghai Province. Photographs revealed for social media depict in 2017 advanced development work and transport routes from Xining and different yellow river hydroelectric energy stations

The determine under exhibits the Qinghai celebration leaders visiting the website in January 2019:

Google Earth image of website from 2015.

Google Earth image of website from 2015.

Yangquin hydropower plant ((曲 水电站) was inbuilt Hokha Township, Dragkar (Xinghai) County, Tsolho TAP (Hainan) in Qinghai Province.

State media reviews show that altering the Qinghai Tibetan rivers could be very high. In April 2019, in line with an official media report: “By 2018, the central government has approved 61,276 rural demarcation indicators for large and medium-sized tanks in Qinghai Province. The Qinghai Province has [relocated] 58,177 people, and has distributed a total of 399 million yuan of direct subsidies to immigrants. ”(Haihe River Water Protection Fee, April 25, 2019, MWR)

This Baidu picture displays on a development website

Google Earth Undertaking Venture Location

Google Earth Image of Venture Location

Cihaxia Hydropower (茨 哈 峡水电站) is on the Dragkar border (Xinghai) County and Ba Dzong (Tongde) County, Qinghai Province.

Ningmute Hydropower Plant (宁 木 特 水电站) is situated in Sogwo (Henan) County, Malho (Huangnan) TAP, Qinghai Provice.

Aqing Hydropower Station (阿青 水电) is Tsada (Zhada) County, Ngari (Ali) Prefecture, TAR.

Yuzhong Hydropower Plant (忠 玉 水电站) is situated in Lhari (Jiali) County, Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu), TAR.

Zha La Hydropower Station (扎拉 水电站) is situated in Dzogang Province, Chamdo (Changdu) Prefecture, TAR

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS OUTDOOR AREAS

The Zhentouba hydroelectric power plant (Class B) is being built on the Gyalmo Nyulchu River in Heping Township, Jinkouhe District , Leshan Metropolis in Sichuan Province. The official supply from April 2018 refers to the problematic issues of undertaking switch and the want for "thorough research into ideological work", which exhibits some resistance to migration, has been capable of categorical (http: //jkh.leshan.

This Google Earth picture exhibits the location of the venture in 2018.

This Google Earth image exhibits the location of the undertaking in 2018.

The Shapeng hydroelectric power station (class A) may also be built on the Gyalmo Nyulchu River in Leshan Metropolis, Sichuan Province. .cn / Merchandise / 15839.aspx)

Google Earth image from February 2019.

Google Earth image from February 2019.

Baihetan (白鹤 滩) Hydropower is situated in Drichu in the mountainous panorama of Ningnan Province in Sichuan Province and Qiaojia County in Yunnan province. A video of this hydroelectric power station on the Chinese state television (http://www.cnr.cn/chanjing/gundong/20170804/t20170804_523885103.shtml) exhibits that development has progressed properly, though the newest satellite tv for pc image of the space the place the dam is situated in Google Earth from 2017 shouldn’t be describes improvement.

The superior development of the Baihetan hydropower plant can also be obtainable at this link: https://baike.sogou.com/historylemma?lId=40910&cId=174215701

The Google Earth icon displaying Bai He Tan is dated December 29, 2017 [19659010] Yinjiang Hydropower Plant (银 江) is associated with the development of tourism and urbanization in the Panzhihua Metropolis area the place Jinsha / Yangtze and Yarlung Tsangpo troops meet. In 2016, development, funding and related resettlement plans have been launched on the investment company's web site (http://energy.cngold.org/c/2016-02-19/c3911667.html). [19659100] The newest picture in Google image in 2019

The image of Google Earth was updated in 2019 as the newest imagination

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